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Housing Options

Housing options can range from an individual’s own residence to a setting offering care for many people. It is helpful to think of housing options on a continuum - from a person’s independent residence given daily living needs are self-maintained, to an environment that offers extensive residential care services and access to health care professionals.
 
Beginning with the term “Assisted Living Facility” and unless otherwise noted with state or alternative references, here are examples with titles and descriptions from the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, LongTermCare.gov, Glossary.
 

Home-Based Settings

In the Older Adult’s Home

Most individuals express the desire to remain in their own home for as long as possible, and older adults are no exception. Safety, the ability to maintain the home, and supporting resources are often key, decision factors.

Relocation to Another’s Home

Caring for an older adult in the residence of another person, such as an adult child or another relative, can be a viable option. It works best when all parties are in agreement, and share a realistic understanding of potential, co-habitation advantages and concerns.
 

Assisted Living Facility

A residential living arrangement that provides individualized personal care, assistance with Activities of Daily Living, help with medications, and services such as laundry and housekeeping. Facilities may also provide health and medical care, but care is not as intensive as care offered at a nursing home. Types and sizes of facilities vary, ranging from small homes to large apartment-style complexes….
 
In Arizona, these facilities are regulated by the Department of Health Services - Residential Facilities Licensing. The state offers facility search capabilities regarding compliance and any enforcement actions. Regulation of assisted living facilities is largely at the state level across the country.
 

Nursing Home (may also be known as a Long Term Care Facility or Skilled Nursing Facility)

A licensed facility that provides general nursing care to those who are chronically ill or unable to take care of daily living needs.
 
In Arizona, these facilities are regulated by the Department of Health Services - Medical Facilities Licensing. The state offers facility search capabilities regarding compliance and any enforcement actions. In addition, Medicare offers “Nursing Home Compare,” a national search tool.
 

Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRC)

Retirement complex that offers a range of services and levels of care. Residents may move first into an independent living unit, a private apartment, or a house on the campus. The CCRC provides social and housing-related services and often also has an assisted living unit and an on-site or affiliated nursing home….
 
CCRCs are regulated at the state level in a number of states (often through a state’s department or commission of insurance). CCRCs are generally categorized as an insurance model. Arizona has a Department of Insurance. CCRC (and another provider) information is also referenced here and through option searches.