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Provider Options

An individual’s care team can be comprised of many people, with varying degrees of know-how and educational background. Job duties, experience and the care agency format may vary from state to state. Unless otherwise noted, here are description examples from the U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook.

Personal Care Aide

Personal care aides help clients with self-care and everyday tasks. They also provide social supports and assistance that enable clients to participate in their communities. Personal care aides - also called caregivers and personal attendants - help clients with self-care and daily activities.... However, personal care aides cannot provide any medical services, whereas home health aides may provide basic medical services.

Home Health Aides

Home health aides help people with disabilities, chronic illness, or cognitive impairment with activities of daily living. They often help older adults who need assistance. In some states, home health aides may be able to give a client medication or check the client’s vital signs under the direction of a nurse or other healthcare practitioner.

Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) and Licensed Nursing Assistant (LNA)

“Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) and Licensed Nursing Assistant (LNA) are the two, levels of nursing assistants created, and regulated by the Arizona State Board of Nursing…. The titles CNA and LNA are mutually exclusive.” For more information, visit here.*

Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses (LPN and LVN)

Licensed practical nurses (LPNs) and licensed vocational nurses (LVNs) provide basic medical care. They work under the direction of registered nurses and doctors.*

Registered Nurses (RN)

Registered nurses (RNs) provide and coordinate patient care, educate patients and the public about various health conditions, and provide advice and emotional support to patients and their family members.*
*In Arizona, the Arizona State Board of Nursing has regulatory oversight for nursing professionals.


Differences between a Home Health Agency and a Home Care Agency

Caregiving providers may also be employed by, or affiliated with a home health agency or a home care agency. This segment describes differences between a home health agency and a home care agency regarding care providers.

Home Health Agency

Home Care Agency

  • Medical services, prescription management and administering medication
  •  Clinical in nature  
  • Skilled, medical care for accident, illness or injury recovery
  • Skilled nursing care; medically necessary therapies such as physical, occupational and speech therapies
  • Licensed nurses and therapists; home health aides
May feature:
  • Non-medical personal care
  • Non-clinical in nature 
  • Chore and errand tasks; escort to doctor appointments or grocery shopping; medication reminders to clients
  • Personal care assistance with Activities of Daily Living (ADL), such as bathing, hygiene, dressing, eating, and continence care
  • May be provided by individuals without professional training and education
  • Home care may also be described as companion care, homemaker services, custodial care, attendant care or private duty care

Visit the state’s Department of Health Services for its home health agency vs. home care agency comparison chart. Unlike home health agencies in Arizona, a state health care institution license is not required for home care agencies.
Home health is regulated by the state’s Department of Health Services - Medical Facilities Licensing. The state offers agency search capabilities regarding compliance and any enforcement actions. In addition Medicare offers “Home Health Compare,” a national search tool.